Deer hunting is a huge sport in the state, and the 2020-21 season saw a whopping 435,180 deer harvested, one of the largest in the country. The Wisconsin DNR annually estimates the size of deer populations in each deer management unit (DMU). Many white-tailed deer live in forests and prefer habitat with young growth and forest edge. Because of this permits and licenses are becoming more flexible opening up new opportunities for the states hunters. Vermont has more deer hunters than any other New England state. Despite this, the deer population has remained stable for many years. These sika deer were originally from Japan and were released from private property in Maryland during the early 1900s. If you ever see a deer in the woods and they spot you, you might catch them flagging as they run away. Like many other states, Kentucky outlawed deer hunting in the early part of the 20th century. Estimated at 314,850 in 2020, down from 372,500 in 2018. They live all over the state, and the Department of Wildlife and Parks says the population is growing. There are only white-tail deer in North Carolina. According to this article in the Des Moines Register, the states estimate for whitetail deer population in 2020 was 445,000. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. The main deer population in Utah is mule deer, with a 2021 estimate of 314,850. In 2021 the Nevada Department of Wildlife started the Mule Deer Enhancement Program to bring together people from all areas of the state to look at and address causes. Hunters in Region B the remainder of the state harvested 62,916 deer, down 13% from 72,346 . . During the past deer season, 191,731 deer were reported killed by deer hunters in Virginia. When alarmed, white-tailed deer will raise their tail straight up, flashing the white. Alabama has more than 1.5 million white-tailed deer. Williamson, WV (25661) Today. Iowa's most recent . Hawaii does not have white-tailed deer or any native deer. Deer were in trouble in Florida with low populations between the 1700s and 1940s due to unregulated hide trading, hunting and a cattle-fever tick scare that caused mass deer removal. The Coues deer are most commonly found in the southeastern mountains but also up through the Mogollon Rim and White Mountains. In 2021, the state launched a new initiative to enhance populations of mule deer and white-tailed deer. High 62F. The deer mostly live in the northeastern part of the state. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources: deer hunting resources. White-tailed deer and mule deer are not native to the area. 5) South Dakota: Deer population around 300,000. How many deer are in Wisconsin 2021? While overall population is down from the peak years of the mid to late 1990s, density of deer still remains a problem in many suburban parts of the state. 4382 WMAs. Like other states, Mississippi used conservation efforts to bring deer back from the brink of extinction. Today Arkansas enjoys plenty of deer, with a 2020 estimate of 900,000 white-tailed deer. For both species females are smaller than the males. The first recorded sightings of the white-tailed deer in Utah happened in the northern part of the state, Cache county, in the late 1990s. In the issue: Big-game preference points and herd counts! After many years of stability, the state reports deer population trended downwards between 2003 and 2015. Nebraska is another state that is home to both white-tailed and mule deer. In general, black-tailed deer occur in the western half of the state, while white-tailed and mule deer occur in the eastern half. Body. With no natural predators the population boomed. In Mississippi, the deer herd is estimated at 1.75 million animals, which is higher on a deer-per-unit-area basis (density) than any other state, and only Texas has a greater number of deer. According to data from State Farm, U.S. drivers had 1.9 million animal collision insurance claims in the U.S. between July 2021 and June 2022, down 5.5 percent from the same period a year ago. Deer living in suburbs and areas not zoned for hunting are hard to monitor due to the fact that most of the data about the deer . They are most populous in states like Georgia, Mississippi, Pennsylvania, and New York, but they are slowly infiltrating other areas like Alaska as well. New Mexico has three native deer species. However the Alaska Department of Fish and Game says that they are both crossing the border with Canada and starting to colonize. Last year, both rifle and archery harvests were below average. This remains pretty average for the states deer population over the last 20 years which has ranged from about 115,000 to 160,000. While nobody knows exactly what the deer population was before the European settlers showed up, it is believed there are many more today than there were historically. The white-tailed deer is native to North America, Central America and parts of South America. There are an estimated 35 to 36 million deer in the U.S. Once hunted almost to extinction, they have made a successful recovery. This 2021 article in the Observer-Dispatch reports a white-tailed deer population of approximately 1.2 million. Based on preliminary data provided by the South Carolina Department of Public Safety (SCDPS) the number of reported deer-vehicle collisions for 2021 was 6,409 . This flash can alert other deer that danger has been spotted, and is known as flagging. A separate mule deer survey put the mule deer population in 2021 at 53,400, so it would appear the large majority of deer in Kansas are white-tailed. Like many states, Ohio successfully reintroduced deer, and they are now thriving. The antlers grow in late spring, and are covered with tissue called velvet during this growth period. Outdoor Alabama: Deer hunting information and regulations. They now live on several Hawaiian islands, and their population is estimated at around 100,000. Although it has some mule deer, most of the deer in this state are members of the white-tailed family. It is one of the few states where mule deer are a more popular game animal than whitetails. The North Carolina Wildlife Commission estimated the white-tailed deer population in the state to be around 1 million. Body. It is easy to see deer in most U.S. state parks, reserves, and even suburban yards. Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission: information for hunting in Florida. 2021 Virginia Deer Season Review. If you do plant deer favorites (fruit trees, sunflowers, peas, lettuce, tulips, hosta, berry bushes), do so strategically. There is some concern that in the long run, they may outcompete the native mule deer. Deer overpopulation causes habitat destruction, crop damage, vehicle collisions and disease all of which threatens the long-term survival of white-tailed deer in Wisconsin. Biologists believe a new framework for deer management is in order, and one that takes into account the ecological capacity of the current ecosystem. LDWF biologists and technicians collect harvest and biological data and conduct other research on public . "With roughly 35 calves per hundred cows, we know the herds are increasing. They are only found in the Florida keys and are an endangered species. Cattle and sheep began competing with deer for space and grazing by the 1860s, combined with the 1859 Gold Rush that brought 100,000 people into the state soon to be followed by a railroad bringing even more settlers. Due to many factors including over-harvesting, hunting and habitat loss the white-tailed deer became uncommon in Connecticut between 1700 1900. DEC determines desired deer population changes using data on public preferences and deer impacts to forests. Deer live in every county of the state. The only state they havent established at least a small population is Hawaii. Their tail is thinner than the white-tailed deer, with a distinctive black tip at the bottom. The sika deer population is mainly found along coastal regions and is much lower than the white-tailed deer. Which states have the most white-tail deer? The program aims to address many factors impacting mule deer such as post-fire rehabilitation, pinyon-juniper removal, invasive weed abatement, re-establishing beneficial shrub/grass/forbs to compromised habitats, water development, spring protection, highway crossings, migration corridor protection, disease surveillance, assessing and trying to mitigate impacts from mining/energy development, predator management, and collaring and monitoring mule deer to identity limiting factors/mortality/habitat selection, etc.. Most of the population growth in recent years has occurred in the southern half of the lower peninsula. White-tailed deer populations are growing at a steady pace in Texas. In 1960, there were 22 deer management areas and most deer seasons were only 2 to 4 weeks, with the longest at 56 days. Mule deer are found in the western third of the state, mainly in the High Plains, Smoky Hills and Red Hills regions. Recent estimates indicate about 80,000 to 100,000 mule deer, and 10,000 to 15,000 Coues and other white-tailed deer. Courtesy of onX Hunt, here are the eight states in the USA with the highest deer density: Mississippi: 38 deer per square mile. However the accompanying article states estimates are likely conservative. States With Minimal Deer Populations. The harvest was 13% lower than the 2020-2021 total of 81,729 deer. Ohio's average harvest compiled from the past three seasons is 184,746 deer. Lets find out. However they are a popular game species for the state, perhaps because they inhabit less hospitable terrain and are better at staying hidden than the mule deer, offering hunters more of a challenge. Historically mountain lions and wolves helped to control the deer population, but with the absence of those predators today hunters are the only real population control. Thank you for reading! The Department notes that deer live in natural woodlands, shelterbelts, old homesteads, and grasslands in every part of Kansas. Deer rely on young forest and forest edge habitat. Fall 2021-22 harvest: 191,731. Potential Deer Population Growth in 10 Years. Clearly restocking, management efforts, and the shift away from clearing land for agriculture have worked, to the point where many counties are now trying to lower the number of deer to a more sustainable number. There is also a population of white-tailed deer in Utah, however I could not find any credible estimates other than 1,000 back in 2008. This means you would have had to put in an application for the 2021 controlled hunt draw and have been successful in order to hunt any eastern Oregon units for deer this year. Download the report for the 2021 season. The most recent data I could find for white-tailed deer reported around 300,000 in 2016. Current Management. White-tailed deer are classified as the species Odocoileus virginianus, the Virginia white-tailed deer. Montana has a large population of two types of deer, the mule deer and the white-tailed deer. With laws enacted and amount of farmed land decreasing, deer began to rebound. 2021 population numbers listed by the state estimate 293,950 mule deer and 212,814 white-tailed deer. Mule deer are primarily found in the badlands alongside the Little Missouri River. Ready for more deer facts? Hawaii has about 1,000 black-tail deer and 110,000 Axis deer. The Columbian white-tail is a rare species named after the Columbia River. Kansas has about 50,000 mule deer, and the rest are white-tails. Nevada is the western state with the . Sitka overall have a darker coat than the Columbian. While deer are prey for some large carnivores, there are not enough of these predators to keep deer numbers in check. This 2021 article in the Greenville Sun quoted the states wildlife resource agency as estimating 900,000 white-tailed deer in the state. They live in forests, prairies, coastal areas, and grasslands. Most states have yearly hunting seasons that help keep deer populations in check. While there is no one fail safe solution to keep them away, here are a few top tips. Montana has a large population of two types of deer, the mule deer and the white-tailed deer. Officials are still unsure of the exact number of white-tailed deer currently living in Alaska. Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. The emphasis is a science-based approach to managing of mule deer populations and factors affecting deer populations. Vermont is near the northernmost part of white-tailed deers range, and the deer must look for areas of shelter with mature evergreen trees to withstand the low temperatures and deep snow of winter. Mule deer are native to the state, and the white-tailed deer were introduced by Idaho Fish & Game in the 1950s to present more hunting opportunities. Delaware hunters registered a record 17,265 harvested deer during the 2020/21 hunting season with the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, surpassing the previous record harvest of 16,969 deer set last year during the 2019/20 hunting season. Illinois Department of Natural Resources: deer hunting information. Finally, Maine's deer population grew prolifically through the 1990's as a result of the regulatory system that limited doe harvest, plus a series of mild winters. Arizona Game & Fish: deer hunting rules and regulations. In 1927 a huge flood in the eastern part of the state forced deer into small areas of high ground where they were unfortunately picked off by opportunistic hunters. Even though black-tailed deer are considered subspecies of mule deer, there is still some debate on their origins and they are often counted separately. The state says its population is well-managed and sustainable. Also, their numbers can fluctuate quite a bit based on how severe the winters are from year to year. Idaho Fish & Game: Deer Hunting information. Deer are thriving in the states forested areas. Kentucky Department of Fish & Wildlife Resources: Kentuckys Deer Restoration. In 2021, the state launched a new initiative to enhance populations of mule deer and white-tailed deer. A spring 2020 estimate put their population at about 1,200. The DNR estimated 574,000 hunters spent 8.7 million days afield during the 2017 deer season, and harvested 376,000 deer for a nearly 50% success rate. The Kentucky Department of Fish & Wildlife estimated a population of 1 million white-tailed deer at the start of the 2020-21 hunting season. According to one source, the introduction of the white-tailed deer did not negatively impact the mule deer, elk or moose in the state as they occupy different types of habitat. Iowas first conservation law came around in 1856, restricting what time of year deer could be hunted. It also says hunters harvest a whopping 280,000 deer each year, on average. They are the most hunted big game in the state. The good news seems to be that the white-tailed deer numbers have recovered from the hit they took in 2012-2013 from a bad outbreak of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD). Utah Division of Wildlife Resources: hunting in Utah. Predation is a natural form of mortality for white-tailed deer. In public hunting areas the population is estimated at 950-1050 deer. While their historic range expanded further east, today you can find them in western Oregon, northern California, Washington, the Alaskan panhandle and areas of British Columbia. They have adapted well and currently coexist peacefully with the states native ecosystems. They have made most of this information available online at Minnesota DNR Deer Populations & Goals. Indiana Department of Natural Resources: White-tailed Deer History & Biology. In the late 1800s, India gifted eight Axis deer to King Kamehameha V. These eight ended up on Molokai and have since been introduced to most of the other Hawaiian islands. WATCH: Sharks biting alligators, the most epic lion battles, and MUCH more. In 2017 the Georgia Wildlife Resources Division reported an estimated population of 1.27 million. Deer Population by State: How Many Deer are in the U.S.? The 2,500 hunter sample size is more than adequate, statistically, to produce precise . There are six subspecies of mule deer found across California. The Alabama Department of Conservation and other groups began restocking white-tailed deer as early as the 1930s, with most of the restocking efforts happening during the 50s and 60s. Why do so many states allow deer hunting? 10 Black Snakes in Georgia (With Pictures), 16 Species of Bats in Texas (With Pictures), Black Bear Population by State (Recent Reports), Mountain Lion Population (In Each U.S. State), Moose Population by State (Estimates and Info), California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Maryland white-tailed deer management plan, Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries & Parks site, 2017-2023 South Dakota white-tailed and mule deer management plan, 2021 Range-Wide Status of Black-tailed and Mule Deer, 12 Types of Animals With a Long Tail (with Pictures), 6 Types of Water Snakes in Illinois (Pictures), 460,420 (black-tailed and mule deer combined), 427,500 (combined white-tail and mule deer), central to eastern Canada, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, New England and Nova Scotia, Key deer / Florida Keys white-tailed deer, Florida keys, mainly from Sugarloaf Key to Bahia Honda Key, Coues white-tailed deer / Arizona white-tailed deer / fantail deer, Arizona and parts of New Mexico into Mexico, Dakota white-tailed deer / northern plains white-tailed deer, western and central Canada, Wyoming, Montana, Colorado, North & South Dakota and western Minnesota, Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County South Carolina, south-central Oregon and southern Washington/northern Oregon border, U.S. central plains including Texas panhandle, parts of New Mexico, Oklahoma, Colorado, Kansas and Nebraska, Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge, McIntosh county Georgia, Rocky Mountains white-tailed deer / northwestern white-tailed deer, western Canada and northern Rocky Mountains, Gulf coast of Texas, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida, Virginia white-tailed deer / southern white-tailed deer, Pacific Northwest and northern California, southeastern coastal Alaska, south central Alaska, coastal British Columbia, California mule deer (Westside of Sierra Nevada down to south coast), Desert/burro mule deer (southwest California, northwest Mexico and Arizona), Southern mule deer (Southernmost California and Baja California), Rocky Mountain mule deer (Northwest California, western and central North America), Inyo mule deer (Sierra Nevada, California). 2021-2023 Deer Population Objectives. There are nearly 2,000 different species! Small herds also exist on prairies in Fall River, Meade, Butte, Bennett and Gregory counties. Deer adapt to changing environments, and that adaptability has helped them make a strong comeback. Utah Deer Population: The state estimates 305,700 mule deer for 2021, above the recent low of 268,180 in 2003, but about the same as the 1998 population of 307,500. Hunting of black-tailed deer is allowed, and at the time of writing this article so is hunting of mule and white-tailed deer, in order to help get more information on these new populations entering the state. According to Colorado Parks & Wildlife, the deer and elk meat industry begun in Colorado as early as 1880. There are more than 490,000 acres of wildlife management areas in West Virginia. Black-tailed deer have a white patch on rump, which their tail mostly covers. Today, the state enjoys a healthy population of almost 1 million white-tailed deer who live in each of its 75 counties. Because of that, out-of-state hunters' dollars have been a huge boost to the Iowa economy. Ideally 8 feet and solid (not opaque). Mule deer population trends are of concern in Montana, where declines in abundance and hunter harvest have been documented in many areas throughout the state. Additional Sources used in this article : WildlifeInformer.com is your #1 source for free information about all types of wildlife and exotic pets. Wyoming Game & Fish Department: Deer Hunting. According to this article, the DNREC estimated the deer population at the start of the 2020-21 season at 45,000 white-tailed deer. For white-tailed deer, the last mention I could find was about 520,000 around 2015. Deer play vital roles in the natural and cultural environment of New York and are highly valued for their beauty and grace as well as the utilitarian benefits they provide. Winds light and variable.. Tonight This includes during the winter and early spring, they feed on Douglas fir, western red cedar, red huckleberry, salal, deer fern, and lichens growing on trees. Engage with us in 2023. Field studies from across the United States, including Pennsylvania, show that predators - notably coyotes, bears, and bobcats - prey on white-tailed deer. Deer are plentiful, and people who enjoy watching wildlife will find many opportunities to see them roaming free in forests and parks all over the country.
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